What is the oversized cargo?
According to the definition, the "oversized cargo" is the cargo which dimensions and weight exceed the size and weight of the cargo that fits in a standard container. It is not possible to transport it in a conventional way. Therefore, the transportation of such cargo requires the availability of special equipment and a permit for transportation.
If one or more of the dimensions (length, width, height or weight) exceeds the dimensions and permissible weight of a standard 20’, 40’, 45' container, it will have to be transported in OpenTop, Flat Rack, Platform containers or on a Ro-Ro vessel.
Transportation of oversized cargo by plane or by train is very expensive in terms of financial investments. Therefore, most often oversized cargo is transported by sea and road transport.
Non-standard cargo categories
Heavy cargo - when loading such cargo into the truck the allowed maximum weight will be exceeded or the axial loads will exceed the allowed norms;
Bulky cargo - when it is loaded, the established standard of length, height or width will be exceeded.
Long cargo - after loading into the truck such cargo will go over the backboard by more than 2 m.
Thus, oversized cargo is considered to be the cargo which size, when loaded on the vehicle for transportation, will be the following:
• Weight over 38 tons
• Length exceeds 20 m
• Height exceeds 4 m
• Width exceeds 2.55 m.
What cargo is considered oversized?
Most often, the oversized cargo includes:
• Complex equipment
• Agricultural machinery and equipment
• Components of plants, factories, assembly lines
• Drilling rigs
• Parts of large structures, etc.