What is sea freight?
Sea freight is, in fact, the lease of a place for transportation of the cargo on a ship of the shipping line. This is a fee for shipping the cargo from the place of departure to the place of destination. Most often, in the conditions of the modern market economy, sea freight is popular on the routes China - Novorossiysk, Turkey - Novorossiysk, Japan - Novorossiysk, Vietnam - Novorossiysk, and so on.
Very often, sea freight is synonymous with the concept of "Container freight", since on ships of shipping lines the cargo is most often transported in containers because of the convenience of their storage, accounting, transfer and reloading. The most common are 20- and 40-foot containers. Almost any cargo can be placed in such a container: from food products to complicated high-tech equipment. Modern requirements for the production of sea containers are regulated by the requirements of ISO 668 standard.
What legislation regulates sea freight
Sea transportation is very difficult to regulate legally. This is dictated by the fact that international sea transportation is carried out in the waters of the world ocean. The jurisdiction of any of the states does not apply to them in 80% of cases. This situation has developed a special maritime law that regulates the status of ocean and sea areas, human rights at sea, rules for the transportation of goods, shipping regulations, and much more.
All over the world people rely on the following international rules:
1. The Hague Regulations on the Bill of Lading dated 1924, with the Protocols of Amendment dated 1968 and 1979.
2. The UN Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea dated 1978.
As well as on sea transportation contracts:
• voyage charter;
• bill of lading;
• contract of carriage with the shipping line.